8 effective learning methods presented
Learning is an integral part of studying. The goal should be to learn as quickly and sustainably as possible so that the material sticks. We present 8 effective learning methods for your studies!
Books, seminar materials, lecture notes: Even in times of digitalization, most knowledge is conveyed in written form. But written words are nothing more than a string of abstract symbols that our brain tries to interpret. However, the brain thinks much better in pictures. Therefore, visualizations are a helpful and effective learning method.
This is how you implement the learning method: Draw facts that you want to learn. In chemistry, for example, this can be molecular chains for illustration. If you are studying civil engineering, you will necessarily have to draw static constructions. Sometimes pictures are created in our mind’s eye that have little or nothing to do with the actual fact. But if they help you remember a fact, wonderful! Draw them and memorize them well. If you then call up the picture in your mind, the associated fact will come to mind much more easily.
#2 Build mnemonic bridges
Mnemonic bridges form strong links that remain in the memory for a long time. They are therefore an ideal, creative learning method. Mnemonic bridges are small detours that you take mentally in order to remember facts better. You can also imagine a mnemonic as a crutch for your memory.
This is how you implement the learning method: The most important thing with mnemonic devices is that you create a mnemonic that is easier to remember than the actual learning material.
For example: You want to remember the 9 amino acids that are essential for humans. These acids are tryptophan, threonine, phenylalanine, valine, histidine, lsysine, isoleucine, methionine and histidine. Not particularly easy terms, are they? Here’s what you can make of it with a mnemonic: Torsten and Theresa plan various hours, for listening to independent mentors and helpers.
Does such a sentence completely replace learning? No, as I said, it is only a support, its initial letters are reminders for you to better remember the amino acids you have learned in the exam.
#3 Summarize the material
When summarizing, it is important to separate the important from the unimportant. Scientific literature can sometimes be verbose, and not every instructor is able to boil down the really important points. For you, this offers a chance to deepen your knowledge and to store it effectively with this learning method.
This is how you implement the learning method: Don’t just read the learning material, but write down the most important points by hand. In this way, you actively engage with the material. Your brain does not just passively consume the material, but is encouraged to actively engage with it. In this way, you will quickly notice whether you have actually understood the material.
Once you have written down the key points, imagine that you have to give a lecture on the topic. All you have are your key points. Give the lecture aloud at home and you will quickly find out where you still lack knowledge. Look up this missing knowledge specifically and then complete your bullet points. Repeat this method of summarizing until you can speak confidently and confidently about the topic even without notes.
#4 Draw Mind Maps
Mind maps are ingenious maps for your memory. With them, you combine the learning methods of visualization and summarization into one effective learning technique. Mind maps are graphical, map-like representations of thoughts, facts, contexts, etc. The individual information components of a mind map are connected with lines and/or arrows. In this way, topic clusters can be created that are easier to memorize than mere bullet points on paper.
This is how you implement the learning method: Mind maps can be created both by hand and on a PC, tablet or smartphone. For the analog version, we recommend a large sheet of paper (at least A4, better A3) and different colored pens. Digital mind maps can be created excellently with free tools such as the basic version of Miro or with XMind.
- Article Tip: These tools & services are free for students
Whichever version you choose: Start your mind map with the central point in the middle. For example, the topic you want to learn, such as the principle of “photosynthesis”.